Located in central Kenya around 160 kilometres from Nairobi by road, it stretches a hundred kilometres north to south within the third highest mountain range in Kenya. The Aberdare National Park is covers the higher areas of the Aberdare mountain range which is an isolated volcanic range that formed on the eastern end of the Great Rift Valley.
Wildlife present in the protected area include lion, leopard, elephant, East African wild dog, giant forest hog, bushbuck, mountain reedbuck, waterbuck, Cape buffalo, suni, side-striped jackal, eland, duiker, olive baboon, black and white colobus monkey, and sykes monkey. Rarer sightings include those of the African golden cat and the bongo. Species such as the common eland, serval live in the higher moorlands.
The Aberdare National Park also hosts a large eastern black rhinoceros population and over 250 bird species including the endangered Aberdare cisticola, Jackson’s spurfowl, sparrowhawk, African goshawk, African fish eagle, sunbirds and plovers.